Photo by Victor Lavaud

Is architecture an art, or is every building an example of architecture? These are all usual questions when it comes to defining architecture in art.

Architecture is designing and building structures that meet both aesthetic and functional requirements. Since every culture has a different relationship with the natural world and with the rest of the cultures around them, the structures it creates convey a significant deal about its history, traditions, artistic sensibilities, environment, and many different facets of everyday life.

Three characteristics different architecture from other structures that have been built according to the architectural meaning:

  • The structure is created with the human mind’s interaction. 
  • The structure is intended to be well-designed and permanent. 
  • Its form should convey a specific idea.

In architecture, all of these prerequisites must be fulfilled. The second requirement listed is considered perpetual, whereas the first and third significant changes depending on the structure’s social utility. Conveying an idea is less critical when its purpose is mainly functional, such as in a factory. Functionality is unimportant when the function is predominantly aesthetic or expressive, like in a tomb.

Types of Architecture

If you view architecture in art terms, you can draw particular distinctions and parallels between the two principles. Just like any artist, architects can only make within their financial curbs, so most of what they make is based on the wants or needs of a person or group commissioned the work.

Below are the various types of architecture that exist. 

1. Domestic Architecture Design. Domestic architecture is outlined for private residential use, whether for a family, one individual, or a group of housemates. It is where people rest, eat, relax, and take ablutions, and domestic architecture must meet all those requirements. Depending on the client’s budget and needs, the residence’s required design could be anything from a cozy and compact mobile home to a villa in the hills. 

2. Religious Architecture Design. What is architecture design concerning religious buildings? The history of architecture is more focused on religious structures than any other form since religion’s lofty and widespread attraction made the churches and temples the most dynamic, enduring, and important buildings in any community. This is because each religion has different activities and ceremonies that must be considered when the structure is being designed. Religious architecture design includes temples, churches, shrines, and religious monuments. This can be evident in structures like Lenin’s Mausoleum or the Taj Mahal.

3. Governmental Architecture Design. In all civilizations, the government’s primary responsibilities are identical to those of religion: justice administration, regulation, and enforcement. However, architectural requirements depend on the type of relationship the rules have and the ruling. In the royalty days, still ruled most countries, the decision-making process would commonly be in the monarch’s hands; however, as the governing process becomes a collective task than a personal one, the places built for them to convene need to be designed with the needs of the entire governing body in mind. 

4. Recreational Architecture Design. Why is architecture important to society? Well, beyond the purely functional role that architecture plays, it also allows for social interaction on a communal level. Recreational architecture design has been the most unchanging form throughout history. Diversions may fluctuate, but like residential architecture, human physicality requires consistency. For example, athletic tracks have remained practically the same for centuries. If their participation is purely passive, they must be capable of hearing and seeing the event well from every part of the structure. If their attendance is active, such as an athlete or singer, they must be provided with appropriate venues for their chosen activities. Recreational institutions have their roots in religious ceremonies in most societies, but they quickly achieve independence, and religious representation is now minimized or eradicated in their construction.

Final Words

If you want to dive further into the architectural world, take inspiration from Ronald Lee Harden’s Untold Architectural Black History Of Tampa, Florida, along with his 36-Year Architectural Career in Tampa. The Tampa Bay Performing Arts Center, Gaither and Bloomingdale High Schools, the Harbour Island project, Mobley Park and Osbourne Landing Apartments – these are just a few of the projects of the author, an architectural project manager. These projects have helped create homes, jobs, and cultural events for the city’s African-American and other mixed communities and have helped them create better lives for themselves.

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